Thyroid is a small, butterfly shaped endocrine gland located in the front of your neck below your Adam’s apple. This gland secretes hormones which help regulate the heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and the rate in which food is converted to energy. Thyroid hormones are essential in the function of every cell in our body.
There are generally two categories of Thyroid disease; hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Hypothyroidism is the most common type and mainly effects women. Hypothyroidism is a type of thyroid disease which occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones. This causes the metabolism to slow down, which also leads to many other health problems. The most common disease of hypothyroidism is Hashimotos Thyroiditis.
Hyperthyroidism is the opposite. It happens when the thyroid gland produces too many hormones and shoots your metabolism way up. The most common disease of hyperthyroidism is Graves’ Disease.Thyroid cancer :
Thyroid nodules usually don’t cause symptoms or need treatment. Sometimes the thyroid nodules become large enough that it is hard to swallow or breathe and more tests and treatment are needed. Only a small number of thyroid nodules are diagnosed as cancer.ndications for thyroid surgery :
We have been performing all kinds of thyroid surgery with an experience of performing more than 3000 cases over the past 35 years. Recently Endoscopic Thyroidectomy, the newest modality in treatment of smaller benign thyroid nodules is being done at our centre with excellent results and patient satisfaction.